The RPAs are suitable platforms to conduct surveillance. Their ability to carry different types of cameras and sensors to inaccessible sites by other means and transmit geo-referenced data in real time offers a multitude of applications.

The aforementioned applications can range from those related to the environmental protection (fire monitoring, spill control, monitoring wildlife, fighting against poaching) to those related to the reinforcement of the State security (rescues, locating people, and damage assessment in disasters).